La Bastida is an archaeological site from the Bronze Age located in the south east of Spain. Its existence spanned from 2.200 to 1.550 before Christ, and it belonged to the Argaric culture. It was located on a hill, at six kilometres away from Totana, thus taking advantage of its geological situation as defense.

Overview of La Bastida.

Because of the large number of houses, it is believed that there lived around 1000 people divided into two social classes, and it was the most inhabited settlement* in Europe for about 600 years. Thanks to recent findings, now we know how they lived, its social structure, their customs, how they were buried, etc.

In what concerns to population, these people were not tall, but they were strong and they liked hunting. Their average lives ranged from 40 to 50 years. The society was mainly divided into two classes: the rich and the humble.

The richest citizens, who were located in the upper part of the city, had the best jobs. Humble families tended to live in the lower parts of it. When they died, the rich were buried with gold and silver jewellery or headbands on their forefronts. The humble ones were buried with bronze bracelets or objects of their everyday lives, which were related to crafts and agriculture.

Base of the control                  tower.

The strong wall around the city and the large towers built in strategic places make us think that it was a fully organized civilization, as well as one of the most important cities in Europe at that time. It was three meters wide and six meters high. There was a second wall and four towers, too. This construction was good for its security, and it was narrow because in case of feeling threatened, they had time to defend themselves and avoid the entrance of enemies.

Water reserve.

Food in la Bastida was based on the production of cereals. They did not have machines, but they ground them with stones. They were grown outside the city, since it was dry land, and then they brought them in horse carriages once they were collected. They also ate pulses and products obtained from the cattle too, and sometimes they also hunted to eat. Vegetables were grown in the vicinity of Rambla de Lebor, since they needed farmer attention.

Argaric ceramics usually appear without smooth burnished* or spatulate*. During the culture of Argar new forms and styles appeared, which give these ceramics and their manufactures a personality of their own. One of its characteristics is the burnishing with spatulas of wood and bone.

These techniques, which were carried out in the finish protruding* elements, were both for domestic use and as part of grave goods, sometimes to contain food or perhaps liquid.

The technical uniformity and the quality of the finish of the ceramic forms in the Totanero settlements allow us to speak of specialized potters.

Information panel on public buildings in La Bastida.

Regarding domestic life, the main concern in their daily routines was working at home, which was also a place for rest. The main work consisted of the elaboration of clothing, the creation of bone tools or polished stone.

Their houses were also endowed with utensils for the preparation of food, and their domestic chores included the burial of the deceased, which was a sign of respect to their ancestors.

Man buried in fetal position with personal objects.

Burials could be found in two different forms: the first of them was in urns, and the other in graves in case they were adults or marriages. Dead bodies were introduced in fetal position, with personal ítems and some utensils they used. Different features could be appreciated depending on gender and age.

  • Men: they were buried with their belongings, such as daggers, swords and ceramics.
  • Women: they were buried with knives, bowls and pots.
  • Children: they were buried in urns. The utensils they had were inherited from their parents, such as bracelets and copper earrings.

Undoubtedly, la Bastida is one of the most important archeological sites in Europe. Its study can provide an accurate picture of life in the past.

Besides, it is part and parcel of the cultural heritage of our region. We must contribute to its preservation and promotion so as not to lose it.

In the present report we have attempted, if briefly, to cover aspects of relevance around la Bastida settlement, like population, the defense of the city, food, domestic life or burials.

Do you like history? Do you want to experience a visit to the past?

Come to visit la Bastida!

*Settlement: asientamiento. *Burnished: pulido, bruñido. *Spatulate: espatulado, de acabado amplio y redondeado. *Protruding: saliente.






The level of toxic fumes in Murcia has gradually increased since the past century. This comes as a consequence of burning coal and fossil fuels, especially from cars.

At the beginning of the century, CO2 emissions were at their lowest rate. Later, the progressive advent of motor vehicles in our city has made pollution increase. Nowadays, it is at its highest level and has surpassed the 400 parts per million. This is an unbearable situation.  For this reason, the town hall has decided to activate an information protocol for the citizens. These measures aim to reduce this problem in our city.  

We the citizens can do something to solve this problem. Here are some tips:

-We must stop using so many plastic bags and choose reusable shopping bags. The use of reusable bags is better for the environment, because you don’t need to use a new plastic bag every time you go shopping.

-Stop using the car for short distances. Having is a short walk is cleaner and healthier for you.

-Riding your bike is more environmentally friendly than many motor vehicles. Moreover, there are bicycle lanes you can use for free and it’s easier to park.


Ginés García Millán

Originally from the town of Puerto Lumbreras Murcia, Ginés García Millán spent much of his childhood and adolescence in the hotel run by his parents in his hometown, played as a goalkeeper in junior categories of Murcia before focusing on the interpretation, his real vocation. He moved to Madrid to learn at the School of Dramatic Arts. It did not take him much to stand out among his classmates, for that reason, once graduated, one of his teachers, offers him the possibility of debuting in  theater; This moment turned out to be a prologue to a brilliant theatrical career. He debuted on the big screen in 1996 with Tabarka, and although he shone in films like Mensaka, The Year of the Deluge, Steps or 23-F, he has reaped his greatest successes on television, a medium in which he debuted at the beginning of the 90s and who has seen him grow in series such as "All men are equal", "Marriage with Child", "Heirs", "Love in Troubled Times" or "Adolfo Suárez", among others.

Garcia Millan is one of my favorite actors because I've been watching him on TV since I was a child, and also because the way he plays his roles seems to me impressively good, to the point that makes you doubt if he is acting or not.



Maldita Nerea is a Spanish pop rock music group that was born in Murcia. In my opinion it is a good group.

The Maldita Nerea group is formed by Jorge Ruiz, Luis Gomez Rafa martin, Tato Latorre and Serginno Moreira. In 2003 they started giving small concerts in Murcia, and they continued with performances in Salamanca venues. There, their first concerts were very successful, but their true success began in 2007 with their song “The Secret of the Turtles”.

Maldita Nerea from Murcia

Nowadays, the band has a club known as “The Turtles”, also has a summer camp called “The Maldita Beach Rock” located in el Paseo de la Florida Cartagena, Murcia, and one of her latest hits has been “Bailarina” that has reached almost two millions visits.


José Moñino Redondo, the Count of Floridablanca was a Spanish politician. He was born in Murcia, and he lived in the 18th century. In my opinion, he was a very important character in the Spanish history.

He started his studies in Murcia, and then he moved to Orihuela to continue. In 1748 he obtained the title of lawyer, and his contacts  with influential characters like the Duke of Alba facilitated his entry into the Council of Castilla.

Portrait of King Charles III

In reward for some of his services (such as acting against the instigators of the Esquilache mutiny in Cuenca), the King Carlos III named him Count of Floridablanca in 1773.

He became part of “the generation of the politicians of Carlos III” who helped to modernize the Bourbon monarchy in various areas (social, economic, political), introducing a reformism inspired by The Enlightenment that at the time began to spread all over Europe.

He has made some of the best contributions in Spanish History so far. In my opinion it is incredible that from being a lawyer he became such an important person working for the government of a country.




You’ll never guess where I was these spring holidays … Murcia! Early in the morning, my cousin and I took the bus to the town centre.

We went to Murcia that day (1 st Tuesday after Easter holidays) because it was the “Bando de la Huerta” in Murcia. There was a big party there, and people dressed up just like people used to do in the 21 th century. There were a lot of activities too!

For example: The election of the Queen of the Garden - consisted of passing certain general culture and communication tests, and if you pass them, you’ll take the Crown ofAzahar” (lemon blossom).

At night, we went to the “Barracas”-they were establishments where you could eat the typical Murcia food, for example: Black pudding and sausages. (There was a lot of meat!).

We didn’t stay until very late because we were very tired, so we went home early.

It was a fantastic day! We had the best time!      



Monument to Fco. Salzillo (St. Eulalia Square )

Francisco Salzillo was born in Murcia on May 12, 1707. He is perhaps the most relevant sculptor of his century and the Baroque style. His father was an Italian Sculptor from Santa María Capua Vetere, Italy. Salzillo received from his father as an inheritance a hermitage, figures of women and models of children. Thanks to them, the author was forming as a sculptor and was building his own styles.

Salzillo mostly worked on polyvinylic wood. One of his works was in the church of San Isidoro (1755) of Sta. Maria de Gracia in Cartagena. Salzillo made another masterpiece in 1754 that belonged to the brother of our father Jesús Nazareno de Murcia.

He died on March 2, 1783.


Murcia, whose original name was Madina Mursiyah, is a city founded in 831 by Abd-Al-Rahman II in a privileged enclave, in the middle of the Segura River Valley. During the reign of Alfonso X of Castile, Murcia was one of his capitals, together with Toledo and Seville.

Alfonso X of Castile in his court.

There are many archaeological remains of Arab origins, such as the Convent of the Claras. The Christian era has also left a mark on the city, as it happens in the streets of Trapería and Platería.

As an impressive monument in Murcia, we find the Cathedral as a witness of the passage of time. Its construction began in 1394, and it is a combination of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical styles.

Archaeological remains in Plaza de Verónicas.

Murcia has been the capital of the province of Murcia since 1833 and, with its creation by the central government in 1982, it became capital of the autonomous community, which includes both the city and the province.

Since then, it has become the seventh most populated municipality in Spain, and a thriving services city.







Murcia is a wonderful place in the south east of Spain. You will find that people are very friendly here.

La Manga del Mar Menor Beach

It has many types of plants and also fauna, such as the Carrascales, Maquias and Búho real (Royal owl).

There are mountain landscapes such as Sierra Espuña. There are also beaches such as La Manga del Mar Menor. I like going to the beach on holidays, and you?

Murcia has got a rich and varied gastronomy. Have you tried pasteles de carne (meat pies)?. You can also find the best vegetables and fruits here.

Murcian meat pies

Moreover, there are very famous and beautiful villages, for instance, Caravaca de la Cruz, Calasparra, Cartagena, etc.

There are also monuments such as the Cathedral and Salzillo museum.

The Salzillo Museum

For all this, Murcia is a fantastic and touristic place. Would you like to come and visit our beautiful city?

I hope you will like it.


                                                                                 MIGUEL PUJANTE RUIZ. 1º C (E.S.O.)